HIV counseling is becoming an important proposition in HIV prevention and
management. Though HIV counseling helps pregnant women to take good care of
herself while minimizing the risk of spreading the infection to the fetus. Similarly, HIV
counseling helps the patients to have better management of the condition and also
prevents the spread of infection.
HIV AND HIV INFECTION
HIV also is known as Human Immunodeficiency Virus causes HIV infection in humans and the infection may progress to transform into Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). HIV attacks the immune system of the patient and the person is not able to fight against this virus, resulting in infection. As the immune system of the patient gets compromised, the risk of opportunistic infection increases and the patients suffers from recurring infections. Further, the risk of cancer significantly increases as it is the immune system that keeps a check on the malignant cells in the initial stage.
Although HIV can develop in any person, but there are certain groups that are at more risk when compared to other people of the society. These people should have to take extra care of themselves and should implement sufficient precautionary measures to prevent developing HIV infection. Some of the high-risk groups include:
Medical Professionals: Contaminated blood may be a source of transmission of HIV infection and it has been recognized as one of the strongest sources of spreading not only HIV but also other pathological diseases in the health care workers. Thus, medical professionals should have detailed knowledge about how to prevent the transmission of this infection.
LGBT: LGBT stands for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender. These groups are at high risk in contracting HIV infection. Of the above category, lesbian and bisexual female are at increased risk of HIV infection.
Sex Workers: Female sex workers are at high risk of developing HIV infection. The risk is even high in developing countries. Globally, the risk of female sex worker living with HIV are 13.5%, while the risk is increased to 30% when the geographic is narrowed down to Asia.
Person with frequent exposure to sex workers: People who have frequent exposure to sex workers and indulging in unprotected sexual intercourse are at higher risk of getting HIV.