CAUSES OF MALE INFERTILITY
Various causes are involved in the development of male infertility. Some of the common causes of male infertility are:
• Genetics: Genetics is one of the most dominating factors for male infertility. It covers almost 15% of all the male infertility problems. One of the most common genetic condition for male infertility is Klinefelter’s syndrome which affects around 1 in 500 newborn males. The condition is caused due to the problem in gamete formation leading to small testes, low level of male dominating hormone and poor sperm count.
Another genetic cause of male infertility is the microdeletions in the Y chromosomes. In this condition, the deletions in Y chromosomes leads to either absent or poor sperm count or sperms produced with altered morphology.
• Spermatogenesis-altering causes: Various factors affecting spermatogenesis results in reduced production of sperms or poor quality sperms. Varicocele is the condition affecting almost 40% of male with infertility. This condition results in the production of excess heat in the scrotum and oxidative stress that affects spermatogenesis. Celiac disease, riding bicycle, addiction to drugs, drinking excessive alcohol, and medications such as chemotherapy, and steroids also affects the process of formation of sperms. Hypogonadism also results in low sperm production.
• Anatomical causes: Despite the production of healthy sperms in the optimum quantity, various anatomical abnormalities prevent the sperm from reaching the site through which they are ejaculated. These causes include problems in Vas deferens, a tube which forms form the passage for sperms to travel. The Vas deferens may either be blocked or completely absent as seen in some cases of cystic fibrosis. Other anatomical abnormalities include infection, hypospadias, retrograde ejaculation and blockage of ejaculatory duct.
• Other causes: Other causes that contribute to male infertility includes age, poor lifestyle, infection, trauma or injury to testes and age. In almost 25% to 30% of the cases, no known cause of infertility is found, and the condition is known as idiopathic male infertility.
MALE INFERTILITY SYMPTOMS
Following are the symptoms of male infertility:
• Swelling and pain in testes.
• Low libido or Low Sexual Desire
• Low volume of semen
• Ejaculatory problems
• Erectile dysfunction
• Low sperm count in semen analysis
• Reduced body hair due to hormonal imbalance
• Smaller than normal testes
MALE INFERTILITY TESTS
Both partners should be fertile to achieve pregnancy, thus in cases of infertility, various tests are performed to identify the exact cause. In some cases, the cause cannot be identified. Following are the various diagnostic techniques used for diagnosing male infertility:
• Physical evaluation: The doctor will physically evaluate the reproductive organ and would try to ascertain if there is any swelling in the testes. Various queries related to lifestyle habits, medical history or family history may be asked by the doctor.
• Sperm analysis: This is one of the most important tools for diagnosing male infertility. The semen of the patient is collected, and the number of sperms, morphology, and mobility is analyzed. The semen is also tested for the presence of ay infection. Sperm analysis is done through a series of test to arrive at an accurate conclusion as the sperm in different samples may vary.
• Other tests: Various other tests are also advised by the doctor to precisely diagnose the cause of infertility in a particular patient. These tests include genetic test, a biopsy of testes, ultrasound of scrotum, level of reproductive hormones, and pre-ejaculation urinalysis.
IGNORING MALE INFERTILITY
Male infertility, unlike female infertility, is not taken seriously despite the research have proved that almost in 40-50% of the cases, the pregnancy is not achieved due to the problem in males. It is interesting to note that in the last three or four decades, there are no new diagnostic techniques emerged to exactly diagnose male infertility; the world is still using the old aged method of counting the sperms on slides. Sidelining the thought of male infertility will bring frustration, depression, and embarrassment that results in a devastating effect on the marriage life. The need of the hour is to consult male infertility with the experts who are highly experienced in providing treatment and counseling for managing male infertility. Dr. Manu Rajput and Dr. Kanu Rajput are amongst the Best Ayurvedic Sexologist in Delhi , Gurgaon and NCR region. Take prior appointment to avoid inconvenience and to have a hassle-free experience.
PREVENTION OF MALE INFERTILITY
Following are the tips for preventing male infertility:
• Avoid smoking
• Limit the quantity of alcohol
• Refrain from taking addictive drugs
• Manage obesity
• Do not keep the laptop on the lap for a long period
• Manage stress
• Take a sound sleep
• Exercise regularly
• Avoid exposure to harmful chemicals and toxic substances
• Avoid mobile phone radiation near to testes
• Do not supplement yourself with sexual vigor-improving drugs without consulting physician
• Keep yourself on a healthy diet
WHEN TO VISIT DOCTOR
Book an appointment with your doctor if:
• You are unable to cause pregnancy in the fertile female partner despite one year of unprotected sex
• You have a problem in ejaculation
• You have reduced libido
• The volume of semen is too low
• You are suffering from erectile dysfunction
• You have pain or swelling in the testes
• You have undergone any testicle or scrotum surgery
• You had trauma or injury in your reproductive organs
AYURVEDIC TREATMENT OF MALE INFERTILITY
Unlike the allopathic treatment, which does not provide comprehensive management strategy for various causes of male infertility, ayurvedic therapy, from time immemorial, is considered as the best treatment for sexual problems including male infertility. Apart from the drugs used in treating this condition, the purification of body and mind are also on the priority list of ayurvedic therapy. Potent herbal drugs combined with the purification of body and stress management procedure; the patient get rid form the problem right from its roots. Drugs that are generally used in treating the condition includes Kapikacchu, Gokshura, Ashwagandha, Shatavari and Yashtimadhu.
FOODS FOR IMPROVING MALE INFERTILITY
Various foods help in managing male infertility such as:
• Grape Seed extract
• Royal Jelly
• Panax ginseng
• Maca Root
• Omega 3 fatty acids
• Pumpkin seeds
• Fresh fruits and juices